Indiana’s Official State Bird Checklist contains over 420 species for which there is adequate evidence, either verified evidence (specimen, photograph, etc.) or convincing details, and for which origin is not questioned. At the end of the Checklist are species categorized as Origin Hypothetical. Species designated as Origin Hypothetical involve single records of that species where the correct identification has been established but for which origin is unresolved.

See the downloadable birding checklist with seasonal status for additional information for species appearing on the Official Bird Checklist.

Download this full list as an excel or pdf document.  Thank you to Amy Kearns.

Birds of Indiana 
This list of Indiana’s bird species was compiled by the state’s Ornithologist based on accepted taxonomic standards and other relevant data.  It is periodically reviewed and updated.  References used for scientific names are included at the bottom of this list.
Anseriformes Anatidae Dendrocygna autumnalis Black-bellied Whistling-Duck
Waterfowl: Swans, Geese, and Ducks Dendrocygna bicolor Fulvous Whistling-Duck REVIEW
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose
Anser caerulescens Snow Goose
Anser rossii Ross’s Goose
Branta bernicla Brant REVIEW
Branta leucopsis Barnacle Goose REVIEW
Branta hutchinsii Cackling Goose
Branta canadensis Canada Goose
Cygnus olor Mute Swan X
Cygnus buccinator Trumpeter Swan SE
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan
Aix sponsa Wood Duck
Spatula discors Blue-winged Teal
Spatula cyanoptera Cinnamon Teal REVIEW
Spatula clypeata Northern Shoveler
Mareca strepera Gadwall
Mareca penelope Eurasian Wigeon REVIEW
Mareca americana American Wigeon
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard
Anas rubripes American Black Duck
Anas fulvigula Mottled Duck
Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Anas crecca Green-winged Teal
Aythya valisineria Canvasback
Aythya americana Redhead
Aythya collaris Ring-necked Duck
Aythya marila Greater Scaup
Aythya affinis Lesser Scaup
Somateria spectabilis King Eider REVIEW
Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck REVIEW*
Melanitta perspicillata Surf Scoter
Melanitta deglandi White-winged Scoter
Melanitta americana Black Scoter
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck
Bucephala albeola Bufflehead
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye
Bucephala islandica Barrow’s Goldeneye REVIEW
Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser
Mergus merganser Common Merganser
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser
Oxyura jamaicensis Ruddy Duck
Galliformes Odontophoridae Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite SC
Phasianidae Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey
Turkeys, Grouse, and Pheasants Bonasa umbellus Ruffed Grouse SE
Phasianus colchicus Ring-necked Pheasant X
Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe
Grebes Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe
Podiceps nigricollis Eared Grebe
Aechmophorus occidentalis Western Grebe
Columbiformes Columbidae Columba livia Rock Pigeon X
Pigeons and Doves Patagioenas fasciata Band-tailed Pigeon
Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-Dove X
Columbina passerina Common Ground Dove
Zenaida asiatica White-winged Dove
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove
Cuculiformes Cuculidae Crotophaga sulcirostris Groove-billed Ani
Anis and Cuckoos Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo SC
Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk SC
Nighthawks and Nightjars Antrostomus carolinensis Chuck-will’s-widow
Antrostomus vociferus Eastern Whip-poor-will SC
Apodiformes Apodidae Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift
Trochilidae Colibri thalassinus Mexican Violetear REVIEW
Hummingbirds Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Archilochus alexandri Black-chinned Hummingbird REVIEW
Calypte anna Anna’s Hummingbird REVIEW
Selasphorus calliope Calliope Hummingbird REVIEW
Selasphorus rufus Rufous Hummingbird
Gruiformes Rallidae Rallus elegans King Rail SE
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots Rallus limicola Virginia Rail SE
Porzana carolina Sora
Gallinula galeata Common Gallinule SE
Fulica americana American Coot
Porphyrio martinicus Purple Gallinule REVIEW
Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail REVIEW
Laterallus jamaicensis Black Rail SE, FC, REVIEW
Aramidae Aramus guarauna Limpkin REVIEW
Gruidae Antigone canadensis Sandhill Crane SC
Cranes Grus grus Common Crane REVIEW
Grus monacha Hooded Crane REVIEW
Grus americana Whooping Crane SE, FE
Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt
Stilts and Avocets Recurvirostra americana American Avocet
Charadriidae Pluvialis squatarola Black-bellied Plover
Plovers Pluvialis dominica American Golden-Plover SC
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer
Charadrius semipalmatus Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius melodus Piping Plover SE, FE
Charadrius mongolus Lesser Sand-Plover REVIEW
Charadrius wilsonia Wilson’s Plover REVIEW
Charadrius montanus Mountain Plover REVIEW
Charadrius nivosus Snowy Plover REVIEW
Scolopacidae Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper SE
Sandpipers and Phalaropes Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel REVIEW*
Numenius americanus Long-billed Curlew REVIEW
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit REVIEW
Limosa haemastica Hudsonian Godwit SC
Limosa fedoa Marbled Godwit
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone SC
Calidris canutus Red Knot SE, FT, REVIEW*
Calidris pugnax Ruff REVIEW
Calidris acuminata Sharp-tailed Sandpiper REVIEW
Calidris himantopus Stilt Sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper REVIEW
Calidris ruficollis Red-necked Stint REVIEW
Calidris alba Sanderling
Calidris alpina Dunlin
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper REVIEW*
Calidris bairdii Baird’s Sandpiper
Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris subruficollis Buff-breasted Sandpiper SC
Calidris melanotos Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris pusilla Semipalmated Sandpiper
Calidris mauri Western Sandpiper
Limnodromus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher SC
Limnodromus scolopaceus Long-billed Dowitcher
Scolopax minor American Woodcock SC
Gallinago delicata Wilson’s Snipe
Actitis macularius Spotted Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper SC
Tringa incana Wandering Tattler REVIEW
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa semipalmata Willet
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank REVIEW
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs SC
Phalaropus tricolor Wilson’s Phalarope SC
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius Red Phalarope
Stercorariidae Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger REVIEW
Jaegers Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic Jaeger REVIEW*
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger REVIEW
Alcidae Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre REVIEW
Murres and Murrelets Brachyramphus perdix Long-billed Murrelet REVIEW
Synthliboramphus antiquus Ancient Murrelet REVIEW
Laridae Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake REVIEW*
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers Xema sabini Sabine’s Gull REVIEW*
Chroicocephalus philadelphia Bonaparte’s Gull
Chroicocephalus ridibundus Black-headed Gull
Hydrocoloeus minutus Little Gull REVIEW*
Rhodostethia rosea Ross’s Gull REVIEW
Leucophaeus atricilla Laughing Gull
Leucophaeus pipixcan Franklin’s Gull
Larus crassirostris Black-tailed Gull REVIEW
Larus canus Mew Gull REVIEW
Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull
Larus californicus California Gull REVIEW
Larus argentatus Herring Gull
Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull REVIEW*
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus schistisagus Slaty-backed Gull REVIEW
Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull REVIEW*
Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull REVIEW*
Larus dominicanus Kelp Gull REVIEW
Onychoprion fuscatus Sooty Tern REVIEW
Sternula antillarum Least Tern SE, REVIEW**
Gelochelidon nilotica Gull-billed Tern REVIEW
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern
Chlidonias niger Black Tern SE
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern REVIEW
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern REVIEW
Sterna hirundo Common Tern
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern REVIEW
Sterna forsteri Forster’s Tern
Thalasseus maximus Royal Tern REVIEW
Rynchops niger Black Skimmer REVIEW
Gaviiformes Gaviidae Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon
Loons Gavia pacifica Pacific Loon
Gavia immer Common Loon
Gavia adamsii Yellow-billed Loon REVIEW
Procellariiformes Hydrobatidae Hydrobates castro Band-rumped Storm-Petrel REVIEW
Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Mycteria americana Wood Stork REVIEW
Suliformes Fregatidae Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigatebird REVIEW
Sulidae Sula leucogaster Brown Booby REVIEW
Gannets Morus bassanus Northern Gannet REVIEW
Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant
Cormorants Phalacrocorax brasilianus Neotropic Cormorant
Anhingas Anhinga anhinga Anhinga REVIEW
Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae Pelecanus erythrorhynchos American White Pelican
Pelicans Pelecanus occidentalis Brown Pelican REVIEW
Ardeidae Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern SE
Bitterns, Herons, and Egrets Ixobrychus exilis Least Bittern SE
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron
Ardea alba Great Egret SC
Egretta thula Snowy Egret
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron
Egretta tricolor Tricolored Heron REVIEW
Egretta rufescens Reddish Egret REVIEW
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret
Butorides virescens Green Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron SE
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night-Heron SE
Threskiornithidae Eudocimus albus White Ibis REVIEW
Ibises and Spoonbills Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis
Plegadis chihi White-faced Ibis
Platalea ajaja Roseate Spoonbill REVIEW
Cathartiformes Cathartidae Coragyps atratus Black Vulture
Vultures Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture
Accipitriformes Pandionidae Pandion haliaetus Osprey SC
Accipitridae Elanus leucurus White-tailed Kite REVIEW
Kites, Eagles, and Hawks Elanoides forficatus Swallow-tailed Kite REVIEW
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle
Circus hudsonius Northern Harrier SE
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk SC
Accipiter cooperii Cooper’s Hawk
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi Kite SC
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk SC
Buteo swainsoni Swainson’s Hawk REVIEW
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Hawk
Buteo regalis Ferruginous Hawk REVIEW
Strigiformes Tytonidae Tyto alba Barn Owl SE
Barn Owls
Strigidae Megascops asio Eastern Screech-Owl
Typical Owls Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl
Bubo scandiacus Snowy Owl
Athene cunicularia Burrowing Owl REVIEW
Strix varia Barred Owl
Asio otus Long-eared Owl SC
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl SE
Aegolius acadicus Northern Saw-whet Owl
Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Megaceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher
Piciformes Picidae Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker
Woodpeckers Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Picoides arcticus Black-backed Woodpecker
Dryobates pubescens Downy Woodpecker
Dryobates villosus Hairy Woodpecker
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker
Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker
Falconiformes Falconidae Caracara cheriway Crested Caracara REVIEW
Falcons and Caracaras Falco sparverius American Kestrel
Falco columbarius Merlin
Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon REVIEW
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon SC
Falco mexicanus Prairie Falcon REVIEW
Psittaciformes Psittacidae Myiopsitta monachus Monk Parakeet REVIEW**
Passeriformes Tyrannidae Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher
Pitangus sulphuratus Great Kiskadee REVIEW
Flycatchers Tyrannus verticalis Western Kingbird REVIEW
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird
Tyrannus dominicensis Gray Kingbird
Tyrannus forficatus Scissor-tailed Flycatcher REVIEW
Tyrannus savana Fork-tailed Flycatcher REVIEW
Contopus cooperi Olive-sided Flycatcher
Contopus sordidulus Western Wood-Pewee REVIEW
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-Pewee
Empidonax flaviventris Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher
Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher
Empidonax traillii Willow Flycatcher
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe
Sayornis saya Say’s Phoebe REVIEW
Pyrocephalus rubinus Vermilion Flycatcher REVIEW
Laniidae Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike SE
Shrikes Lanius borealis Northern Shrike
Vireonidae Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo
Vireos Vireo bellii Bell’s Vireo
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo
Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo
Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo
Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo
Corvidae Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay
Jays, Magpies, Crows, and Ravens Aphelocoma sp. California/Woodhouse’s
Pica hudsonia Black-billed Magpie REVIEW
Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow
Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow
Corvus corax Common Raven REVIEW
Alaudidae Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark
Hirundinidae Riparia riparia Bank Swallow
Martins and Swallows Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Progne subis Purple Martin
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow
Petrochelidon fulva Cave Swallow REVIEW
Paridae Poecile carolinensis Carolina Chickadee
Chickadees and Titmice Poecile atricapillus Black-capped Chickadee
Poecile hudsonicus Boreal Chickadee REVIEW
Baeolophus bicolor Tufted Titmouse
Sittidae Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch
Nuthatches Sitta carolinensis White-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta sp. Pygmy/Brown-headed Nuthatch REVIEW
Certhiidae Certhia americana Brown Creeper
Troglodytidae Salpinctes obsoletus Rock Wren REVIEW
Wrens Troglodytes aedon House Wren
Troglodytes hiemalis Winter Wren
Cistothorus platensis Sedge Wren SE
Cistothorus palustris Marsh Wren SE
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren
Thryomanes bewickii Bewick’s Wren REVIEW
Polioptilidae Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Regulidae Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet
Kinglets Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Muscicapidae Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear REVIEW
Old World Flycatchers
Turdidae Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird
Thrushes Sialia currucoides Mountain Bluebird REVIEW
Myadestes townsendi Townsend’s Solitaire REVIEW*
Catharus fuscescens Veery
Catharus minimus Gray-cheeked Thrush
Catharus ustulatus Swainson’s Thrush
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush
Turdus migratorius American Robin
Ixoreus naevius Varied Thrush REVIEW
Mimidae Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird
Mockingbirds and Thrashers Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher
Oreoscoptes montanus Sage Thrasher REVIEW
Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird
Sturnidae Sturnus vulgaris European Starling X
Bombycillidae Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing REVIEW
Waxwings Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing
Passeridae Passer domesticus House Sparrow X
Old World Sparrows Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow X
Motacillidae Anthus rubescens American Pipit
Fringillidae Fringilla montifringilla Brambling REVIEW
Finches Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak
Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak REVIEW
Haemorhous mexicanus House Finch X
Haemorhous purpureus Purple Finch
Acanthis flammea Common Redpoll
Acanthis hornemanni Hoary Redpoll REVIEW
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill
Loxia leucoptera White-winged Crossbill
Spinus pinus Pine Siskin
Spinus tristis American Goldfinch
Calcariidae Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur
Longspurs and Snow Buntings Calcarius pictus Smith’s Longspur
Rhynchophanes mccownii Thick-billed Longspur REVIEW
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting
Passerellidae Peucaea cassinii Cassin’s Sparrow REVIEW
Sparrows Peucaea aestivalis Bachman’s Sparrow REVIEW
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow SC
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow
Calamospiza melanocorys Lark Bunting REVIEW
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow
Spizella pallida Clay-colored Sparrow
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow
Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow
Spizella arborea American Tree Sparrow
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco
Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia atricapilla Golden-crowned Sparrow REVIEW
Zonotrichia querula Harris’s Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow
Ammospiza leconteii Le Conte’s Sparrow
Ammospiza nelsoni Nelson’s Sparrow
Centronyx henslowii Henslow’s Sparrow SE
Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow
Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln’s Sparrow
Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow
Pipilo chlorurus Green-tailed Towhee REVIEW
Pipilo maculatus Spotted Towhee REVIEW
Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eastern Towhee
Icteriidae Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat
Yellow-breasted Chats
Icteridae Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird SE
Blackbirds and Orioles Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark
Sturnella neglecta Western Meadowlark SC
Icterus spurius Orchard Oriole
Icterus bullockii Bullock’s Oriole REVIEW
Icterus graduacauda Audubon’s Oriole REVIEW
Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird
Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird
Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer’s Blackbird
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle
Quiscalus mexicanus Great-tailed Grackle REVIEW
Parulidae Seiurus aurocapilla Ovenbird
New World Warblers Helmitheros vermivorum Worm-eating Warbler SC
Parkesia motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush
Parkesia noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler SE
Vermivora cyanoptera Blue-winged Warbler
Mniotilta varia Black-and-white Warbler SC
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler
Limnothlypis swainsonii Swainson’s Warbler REVIEW
Leiothlypis peregrina Tennessee Warbler
Leiothlypis celata Orange-crowned Warbler
Leiothlypis ruficapilla Nashville Warbler
Oporornis agilis Connecticut Warbler
Geothlypis philadelphia Mourning Warbler
Geothlypis formosa Kentucky Warbler
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat
Setophaga citrina Hooded Warbler SC
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart
Setophaga kirtlandii Kirtland’s Warbler SE, REVIEW
Setophaga tigrina Cape May Warbler
Setophaga cerulea Cerulean Warbler SE
Setophaga americana Northern Parula
Setophaga magnolia Magnolia Warbler
Setophaga castanea Bay-breasted Warbler
Setophaga fusca Blackburnian Warbler
Setophaga petechia Yellow Warbler
Setophaga pensylvanica Chestnut-sided Warbler
Setophaga striata Blackpoll Warbler
Setophaga caerulescens Black-throated Blue Warbler
Setophaga palmarum Palm Warbler
Setophaga pinus Pine Warbler
Setophaga coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler
Setophaga dominica Yellow-throated Warbler
Setophaga discolor Prairie Warbler
Setophaga nigrescens Black-throated Gray Warbler REVIEW
Setophaga townsendi Townsend’s Warbler REVIEW
Setophaga virens Black-throated Green Warbler
Cardellina canadensis Canada Warbler
Cardellina pusilla Wilson’s Warbler
Cardinalidae Piranga rubra Summer Tanager
Tanagers, Cardinals, Grosbeaks, etc. Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager
Piranga ludoviciana Western Tanager REVIEW
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Pheucticus melanocephalus Black-headed Grosbeak REVIEW
Passerina caerulea Blue Grosbeak
Passerina amoena Lazuli Bunting REVIEW
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting
Passerina ciris Painted Bunting REVIEW
Spiza americana Dickcissel
* Key to Status:   Special Concern (SC), State Endangered (SE), Federal Threatened (FT), Federal Endangered (FE), Federal Candidate (FC), X (exotic/introduced), (REVIEW) Review list species by IBRC: *Immediately away from Lake Michigan, **Away from 50 mile radius of Lake Michigan, ***Away from Gibson, Greene, and Spencer Counties, ****Away from Vanderburgh County
References Used
Chesser, R. T., K. J. Burns, C. Cicero, J. L. Dunn, A. W. Kratter, I. J. Lovette, P. C. Rasmussen, J. V. Remsen, Jr., D. F. Stotz,  and K. Winker. 2019. Check-list of North American Birds (online). American Ornithological Society.
Indiana Audubon Society, Indiana Bird Records Committee, Official State Bird Checklist:
Roth, K., personal communication, September 24, 2020

Last updated: January 2023

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