Indiana’s Official State Bird Checklist contains 420 species for which there is adequate evidence, either verified evidence (specimen, photograph, etc.) or convincing details, and for which origin is not questioned.  At the end of the Checklist are species categorized as Origin Hypothetical.  Species designated as Origin Hypothetical involve single records of that species where the correct identification has been established but for which origin is unresolved.  See the downloadable birding checklist with seasonal status for additional information for species appearing on the Official Bird Checklist.

Thanks to Amy Kearns


Anseriformes Anatidae Dendrocygna autumnalis Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Review species
Waterfowl: Swans, Geese, and Ducks Dendrocygna bicolor Fulvous Whistling-Duck Review species
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose
Chen caerulescens Snow Goose
Chen rossii Ross’s Goose
Branta bernicla Brant Review species
Branta leucopsis Barnacle Goose Review species
Branta hutchinsii Cackling Goose
Branta canadensis Canada Goose
Cygnus olor Mute Swan I
Cygnus buccinator Trumpeter Swan SE
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan
Aix sponsa Wood Duck
Anas strepera Gadwall
Anas penelope Eurasian Wigeon Review species
Anas americana American Wigeon
Anas rubripes American Black Duck
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard
Anas discors Blue-winged Teal
Anas cyanoptera Cinnamon Teal Review species
Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler
Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Anas crecca Green-winged Teal
Aythya valisineria Canvasback
Aythya americana Redhead
Aythya collaris Ring-necked Duck
Aythya marila Greater Scaup
Aythya affinis Lesser Scaup
Somateria spectabilis King Eider Review species
Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck Review species
Melanitta perspicillata Surf Scoter
Melanitta fusca White-winged Scoter
Melanitta americana Black Scoter
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck
Bucephala albeola Bufflehead
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye
Bucephala islandica Barrow’s Goldeneye Review species
Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser
Mergus merganser Common Merganser
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser
Oxyura jamaicensis Ruddy Duck
Galliformes Odontophoridae Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite
Phasianidae Perdix perdix Gray Partridge I, Extirpated
Pheasants, Grouse, Turkeys Phasianus colchicus Ring-necked Pheasant I
Bonasa umbellus Ruffed Grouse
Tympanuchus cupido Greater Prairie-Chicken Extirpated
Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey
Gaviiformes Gaviidae Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon
Loons Gavia pacifica Pacific Loon
Gavia immer Common Loon
Gavia adamsii Yellow-billed Loon Review species
Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe
Grebes Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe
Podiceps nigricollis Eared Grebe
Aechmophorus occidentalis Western Grebe
Procellariiformes Hydrobatidae Oceanodroma castro Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Review species
Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Mycteria americana Wood Stork Review species
Suliformes Fregatidae Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigatebird Review species
Sulidae Morus bassanus Northern Gannet Review species
Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax brasilianus Neotropic Cormorant Review species
Cormorants Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant
Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae Pelecanus erythrorhynchos American White Pelican
Pelicans Pelecanus occidentalis Brown Pelican Review species
Ardeidae Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern SE
Bitterns, Herons, and Egrets Ixobrychus exilis Least Bittern SE
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron
Ardea alba Great Egret SC
Egretta thula Snowy Egret
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron
Egretta tricolor Tricolored Heron Review species
Egretta rufescens Reddish Egret Review species
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret
Butorides virescens Green Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron SE
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night-Heron SE
Threskiornithidae Eudocimus albus White Ibis Review species
Ibises and Spoonbills Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis Review species
Plegadis chihi White-faced Ibis Review species
Platalea ajaja Roseate Spoonbill Review species
Accipitriformes Cathartidae Coragyps atratus Black Vulture
Vultures Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture
Pandionidae Pandion haliaetus Osprey SE
Accipitridae Elanus leucurus White-tailed Kite Review species
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites Elanoides forficatus Swallow-tailed Kite Review species
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi Kite SC
Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier SE
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk SC
Accipiter cooperii Cooper’s Hawk
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle SC
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk SC
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk SC
Buteo swainsoni Swainson’s Hawk Review species
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo regalis Ferruginous Hawk Review species
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Hawk
Gruiformes Rallidae Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail Review species
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots Laterallus jamaicensis Black Rail SE, Review Species
Rallus elegans King Rail SE
Rallus limicola Virginia Rail SE
Porzana carolina Sora
Porphyrio martinicus Purple Gallinule Review species
Gallinula galeata Common Gallinule SE
Fulica americana American Coot
Gruidae Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane SC
Cranes Grus grus Common Crane Review species
Grus monacha Hooded Crane Review species
Grus americana Whooping Crane SE, FE, Extirpated
Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt
Stilts and Avocets Recurvirostra americana American Avocet
Charadriidae Pluvialis squatarola Black-bellied Plover
Plovers Pluvialis dominica American Golden-Plover SC
Charadrius nivosus Snowy Plover Review species
Charadrius wilsonia Wilson’s Plover Review species
Charadrius semipalmatus Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius melodus Piping Plover SE, FE
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer
Charadrius montanus Mountain Plover Review species
Scolopacidae Actitis macularius Spotted Sandpiper
Sandpipers and Phalaropes Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper SC
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank Review species
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs SC
Tringa semipalmata Willet
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs
Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper SE
Numenius borealis Eskimo Curlew Extinct
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel Review species
Numenius americanus Long-billed Curlew Review species
Limosa haemastica Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa fedoa Marbled Godwit
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone SC
Calidris canutus Red Knot Review species
Calidris pugnax Ruff Review species
Calidris acuminata Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Review species
Calidris himantopus Stilt Sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper Review species
Calidris ruficollis Red-necked Stint Review species
Calidris alba Sanderling
Calidris alpina Dunlin
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper Review species
Calidris bairdii Baird’s Sandpiper
Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris subruficollis Buff-breasted Sandpiper SC
Calidris melanotos Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris pusilla Semipalmated Sandpiper
Calidris mauri Western Sandpiper
Limnodromus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher SC
Limnodromus scolopaceus Long-billed Dowitcher
Gallinago delicata Wilson’s Snipe
Scolopax minor American Woodcock
Phalaropus tricolor Wilson’s Phalarope SC
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope
Stercorariidae Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger Review species
Jaegers Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic Jaeger Review species
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger Review species
Alcidae Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre Review species
Murres and Murrelets Brachyramphus perdix Long-billed Murrelet Review species
Synthliboramphus antiquus Ancient Murrelet Review species
Phalaropus fulicarius Red Phalarope Review species
Laridae Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake Review species
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers Xema sabini Sabine’s Gull Review species
Chroicocephalus philadelphia Bonaparte’s Gull
Chroicocephalus ridibundus Black-headed Gull Review species
Hydrocoloeus minutus Little Gull Review species
Rhodostethia rosea Ross’s Gull Review species
Leucophaeus atricilla Laughing Gull
Leucophaeus pipixcan Franklin’s Gull
Larus crassirostris Black-tailed Gull Review species
Larus canus Mew Gull Review species
Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull
Larus californicus California Gull Review species
Larus argentatus Herring Gull
Larus thayeri Thayer’s Gull Review species
Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull Review species
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus schistisagus Slaty-backed Gull Review species
Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull Review species
Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull Review species
Larus dominicanus Kelp Gull Review species
Onychoprion fuscatus Sooty Tern Review species
Sternula antillarum Least Tern SE, FE, Review species
Gelochelidon nilotica Gull-billed Tern Review species
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern
Chlidonias niger Black Tern SE
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern Review species
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern Review species
Sterna hirundo Common Tern
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern Review species
Sterna forsteri Forster’s Tern
Thalasseus maximus Royal Tern Review species
Rynchops niger Black Skimmer Review species
Columbiformes Columbidae Columba livia Rock Pigeon I
Pigeons and Doves Patagioenas fasciata Band-tailed Pigeon Review species
Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-Dove I
Zenaida asiatica White-winged Dove Review species
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove
Ectopistes migratorius Passenger Pigeon Extinct
Columbina passerina Common Ground-Dove Review species
Cuculiformes Cuculidae Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Cuckoos and Anis Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo
Crotophaga sulcirostris Groove-billed Ani Review species
Strigiformes Tytonidae Tyto alba Barn Owl SE
Barn Owls
Strigidae Megascops asio Eastern Screech-Owl
Typical Owls Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl
Bubo scandiacus Snowy Owl
Athene cunicularia Burrowing Owl Review species
Strix varia Barred Owl
Asio otus Long-eared Owl
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl SE
Aegolius acadicus Northern Saw-whet Owl
Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk SC
Nighthawks and Nightjars Antrostomus carolinensis Chuck-will’s-widow
Antrostomus vociferus Eastern Whip-poor-will SC
Apodiformes Apodidae Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift
Trochilidae Colibri thalassinus Mexican Violet-ear Review species
Hummingbirds Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Archilochus alexandri Black-chinned Hummingbird Review species
Calypte anna Anna’s Hummingbird Review species
Selasphorus rufus Rufous Hummingbird
Selasphorus calliope Calliope Hummingbird Review species
Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Megaceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher
Piciformes Picidae Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker
Woodpeckers Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker
Picoides villosus Hairy Woodpecker
Picoides arcticus Black-backed Woodpecker Review species
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker
Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker
Falconiformes Falconidae Caracara cheriway Crested Caracara Review species
Falcons and Caracaras Falco sparverius American Kestrel
Falco columbarius Merlin
Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon Review species
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon SE
Falco mexicanus Prairie Falcon Review species
Psittaciformes Psittacidae Myiopsitta monachus Monk Parakeet I, Review species
Parakeets Conuropsis carolinensis Carolina Parakeet Extinct
Passeriformes Tyrannidae Contopus cooperi Olive-sided Flycatcher
Tyrant Flycatchers Contopus sordidulus Western Wood-Pewee Review species
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-Pewee
Empidonax flaviventris Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher
Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher
Empidonax traillii Willow Flycatcher
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe
Sayornis saya Say’s Phoebe Review species
Pyrocephalus rubinus Vermilion Flycatcher Review species
Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher
Tyrannus verticalis Western Kingbird Review species
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird
Tyrannus dominicensis Gray Kingbird Review species
Tyrannus forficatus Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Review species
Tyrannus savana Fork-tailed Flycatcher Review species
Laniidae Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike SE
Shrikes Lanius excubitor Northern Shrike
Vireonidae Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo
Vireos Vireo bellii Bell’s Vireo
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo
Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo
Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo
Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo
Corvidae Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay
Jays, Magpies, Crows, and Ravens Aphelocoma sp western scrub-jay sp. Review species
Pica hudsonia Black-billed Magpie Review species
Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow
Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow Review species
Corvus corax Common Raven Review species
Alaudidae Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark
Hirundinidae Progne subis Purple Martin
Martins and Swallows Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow
Petrochelidon fulva Cave Swallow Review species
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow
Paridae Poecile carolinensis Carolina Chickadee
Chickadees and Titmice Poecile atricapillus Black-capped Chickadee
Poecile hudsonicus Boreal Chickadee Review species
Baeolophus bicolor Tufted Titmouse
Sittidae Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch
Nuthatches Sitta carolinensis White-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta pygmaea/Sitta pusilla Pygmy/Brown-headed Nuthatch Review species
Certhiidae Certhia americana Brown Creeper
Troglodytidae Salpinctes obsoletus Rock Wren Review species
Wrens Troglodytes aedon House Wren
Troglodytes hiemalis Winter Wren
Cistothorus platensis Sedge Wren SE
Cistothorus palustris Marsh Wren SE
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren
Thryomanes bewickii Bewick’s Wren Review species
Polioptilidae Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Regulidae Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet
Kinglets Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Muscicapidae Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear Review species
Old World Flycatchers
Turdidae Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird
Thrushes Sialia currucoides Mountain Bluebird Review species
Myadestes townsendi Townsend’s Solitaire Review species
Catharus fuscescens Veery
Catharus minimus Gray-cheeked Thrush
Catharus ustulatus Swainson’s Thrush
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush
Turdus migratorius American Robin
Ixoreus naevius Varied Thrush
Mimidae Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird
Mockingbirds and Thrashers Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher
Oreoscoptes montanus Sage Thrasher Review species
Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird
Sturnidae Sturnus vulgaris European Starling I
Motacillidae Anthus rubescens American Pipit
Bombycillidae Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing Review species
Waxwings Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing
Calcariidae Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur
Longspurs and Snow Buntings Calcarius pictus Smith’s Longspur
Rhynchophanes mccownii McCown’s Longspur Review species
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting
Parulidae Seiurus aurocapilla Ovenbird
New World Warblers Helmitheros vermivorum Worm-eating Warbler SC
Parkesia motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush
Parkesia noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler SE
Vermivora cyanoptera Blue-winged Warbler
Mniotilta varia Black-and-white Warbler SC
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler
Limnothlypis swainsonii Swainson’s Warbler Review species
Oreothlypis peregrina Tennessee Warbler
Oreothlypis celata Orange-crowned Warbler
Oreothlypis ruficapilla Nashville Warbler
Oporornis agilis Connecticut Warbler
Geothlypis philadelphia Mourning Warbler
Geothlypis formosa Kentucky Warbler
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat
Setophaga citrina Hooded Warbler SC
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart
Setophaga kirtlandii Kirtland’s Warbler SE, FE Review Species
Setophaga tigrina Cape May Warbler
Setophaga cerulea Cerulean Warbler SE
Setophaga americana Northern Parula
Setophaga magnolia Magnolia Warbler
Setophaga castanea Bay-breasted Warbler
Setophaga fusca Blackburnian Warbler
Setophaga petechia Yellow Warbler
Setophaga pensylvanica Chestnut-sided Warbler
Setophaga striata Blackpoll Warbler
Setophaga caerulescens Black-throated Blue Warbler
Setophaga palmarum Palm Warbler
Setophaga pinus Pine Warbler
Setophaga coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler
Setophaga dominica Yellow-throated Warbler
Setophaga discolor Prairie Warbler
Setophaga nigrescens Black-throated Gray Warbler Review species
Setophaga townsendi Townsend’s Warbler Review species
Setophaga virens Black-throated Green Warbler
Cardellina canadensis Canada Warbler
Cardellina pusilla Wilson’s Warbler
Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat
Emberizidae Pipilo chlorurus Green-tailed Towhee Review species
Sparrows Pipilo maculatus Spotted Towhee Review species
Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eastern Towhee
Peucaea cassinii Cassin’s Sparrow Review species
Peucaea aestivalis Bachman’s Sparrow Review species
Spizella arborea American Tree Sparrow
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow
Spizella pallida Clay-colored Sparrow
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow
Calamospiza melanocorys Lark Bunting Review species
Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow
Ammodramus henslowii Henslow’s Sparrow SE
Ammodramus leconteii Le Conte’s Sparrow
Ammodramus nelsoni Nelson’s Sparrow
Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow
Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln’s Sparrow
Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia querula Harris’s Sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco
Cardinalidae Piranga rubra Summer Tanager
Tanagers, Cardinals, Grosbeaks, etc. Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager
Piranga ludoviciana Western Tanager Review species
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Pheucticus melanocephalus Black-headed Grosbeak Review species
Passerina caerulea Blue Grosbeak
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting
Passerina ciris Painted Bunting Review species
Spiza americana Dickcissel
Icteridae Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink
Blackbirds and Orioles Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark
Sturnella neglecta Western Meadowlark SC
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird SE
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird
Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer’s Blackbird
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle
Quiscalus mexicanus Great-tailed Grackle Review species
Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird
Icterus spurius Orchard Oriole
Icterus bullockii Bullock’s Oriole Review species
Icterus graduacauda Audubon’s Oriole
Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole
Fringillidae Fringilla montifringilla Brambling Review species
Finches Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak Review species
Haemorhous mexicanus House Finch I
Haemorhous purpureus Purple Finch
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill
Loxia leucoptera White-winged Crossbill
Acanthis flammea Common Redpoll
Acanthis hornemanni Hoary Redpoll Review species
Spinus pinus Pine Siskin
Spinus tristis American Goldfinch
Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak
Passeridae Passer domesticus House Sparrow I
Old World Sparrows Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow I, Review Species
* Key to Status: Special Concern (SC), State Endangered (SE), Federal Threatened (FT), Federal Endangered (FE), Federal Candidate (FC), I (Introduced)

Last updated: December 2016

Thanks to Amy Kearns

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