Indiana Audubon Society Field Trip to North Dakota
June 9-15, 2012
Leaders: Alan Bruner, Jay Bolden
Narrative by Peter Scott; (email@example.com)
This trip, the most ambitious in IAS field trip history in terms of days and distance, was scouted two years ago by Alan and Jay in a wet year when rains barely let up for an hour a day. The year 2012 was dry – hardly any winter snow, and not much spring and summer rain to compensate. Still, the potholes and marshes had water and ducks, and the prairies, farm and range land had plenty of land birds acquainted with annual variation in rainfall.
Fri.-Sat. June 8-9, Indianapolis to Eau Claire, Wisconsin
We began gathering on Friday June 8, with more than half the group spending the night in Indianapolis. Three Dodge vans were secured from Enterprise Rent A Car on Washington Street. Other participants drove into meeting places early Saturday, luggage was stacked high in the rear of each van, and by 7 am we were moving out of Indy to a rendezvous at the Jamestown/Lizton rest stop on I-74. All present and accounted for. We followed I-74 to Bloomington, IL, then I-39 north to Rockford and I-90 into Wisconsin. Skirting Madison, we drove northwest past Baraboo and The Dells and did our first birding at Necedah National Wildlife Refuge, from 3:30 to 7 pm. “Necedah was established in 1939, primarily to provide sanctuary, food and cover for migratory waterfowl,” according to the bird checklist. It has been an important site for reintroducing Trumpeter Swan and Whooping Crane, species which we saw promptly from an observation tower near the Visitor Center, in the company of a few Sandhill Cranes, with Bald Eagle and Osprey overhead. Lakes and marshes are surrounded by a pine-oak savanna, with aspen and willow also present. Singing in late afternoon were Yellow-throated Vireo, Veery, Pine Warbler, Ovenbird, and Rose-breasted Grosbeak. Marsh Wrens and Yellow Warblers sang from the cattails and willows. Areas recently burned to keep the savanna alive were bustling with Red-headed Woodpeckers (fly-catching), Eastern Bluebirds, Eastern Towhees, and Field Sparrows. Lupine was in bloom, reminding us that Necedah hosts a large population of endangered Karner Blue Butterfly. Blue Flag iris was also flowering. We searched in vain for meadows where Bobolink and Henslow’s Sparrow might be found; this would be our last chance for Henslow’s, a member of the genus Ammodramus that we hoped to clean up on. It was not our last experience with inaccurate maps, a risk when you go far afield for birds.
Leaving Necedah, we stopped for dinner at a Hearty Platter truck stop and tallied our birds: 67 species thus far. We made it to the Super 8 motel in Eau Claire at 9: 30 pm Central Daylight Time. The confused clerk at first divided the whole group’s bill between two roommates, Cathy and Jo. The Miami Heat beat the Boston Celtics in Game 7 of the NBA semifinals.
Sunday June 10: from Eau Claire, Wisconsin across Minnesota to Jamestown, North Dakota
We had our first of six Super-8 continental breakfasts, repacked the vans, and hit the road (I-94) at 6:50 am. We soon crossed the St. Croix River into Minnesota, snaked around St. Paul, crossed the Mississippi River on the north side of Minneapolis, and proceeded northwest to St. Cloud and Fergus Falls, where we left the Mississippi watershed and entered that of the Red River of the North, which empties into Lake Winnipeg. The country was now quite different from the vast corn and soybean fields of Illinois: many lakes, more grassy fields than row crops, hills. A rest area with a bird feeder gave us White-breasted Nuthatch and American Redstart. We lunched in Barnesville, MN, then entered the sister cities of Moorhead MN-Fargo ND, one on either side of the Red River. A stop at the tourist information building armed us with maps and birding drive brochures. Interstate 94 led due west across North Dakota – to Bismarck, Medora, and Montana if one kept going. A lake at the Rogers exit had, at a glance, 30 pairs of Western Grebes. At 3:15 pm we arrived at Jamestown, 980 road miles from Indianapolis. We checked into the Super 8 south of the Interstate, our base for the next four nights. Getting suitcases into motel rooms created space in the vans for access to tripods, spotting scopes, and boots.
At 4 pm the vans departed for 28th Street, a gravel road 6 miles northwest of Jamestown, which we followed westward for several miles, crossing the creek above Pipestem Lake then returning. The landscape included marshes, crop fields of young corn and taller wheat, ponds, grassland with prairie dogs, farmsteads, creeks, and shelterbelts of blue spruce. As soon as we turned onto 28th Street we had Yellow-headed Blackbirds, male and female, feeding in a bare field with Common Grackles; then in marshes, where some were singing. A large pond and its banks held 25 American White Pelicans and a typical smattering of the water birds we would be seeing: 5 species of dabbling ducks, Ring-billed Gulls, one each of Marbled Godwit, Willet, Wilson’s Phalarope, and American Avocet. Two Snow Geese were a surprise this far south of their subarctic nesting grounds on the 10th of June. We noticed wildflowers by the road: a white anemone, a pink pasture rose, a purple pea.
A few Swainson’s Hawks were spotted in flight. Both kingbirds perched on fence wire: it was refreshing to see Westerns, but Eastern was more common each day. On the other hand, the only meadowlark species was Western, while the orioles were Baltimore and Orchard rather than Bullock’s. So it was a mix of east and west. Sparrows began to present themselves: Savannah, Chipping, Clay-colored, Grasshopper, Vesper, and Song, in descending order of abundance on this road. Singing Clay-coloreds were novel for most of us. Dickcissels seemed to be a combination of sparrow (from the back) and meadowlark (from the front), as Laura noted. A Cliff Swallow colony circled near a bridge. Our first galliform bird of the trip was a female Ring-necked Pheasant, but a native species was the one most often seen by trip’s end. A lone California Gull flew by close enough to show its bill coloration, and seemed to fly differently than the similar, smaller Ring-billed.
The biggest thrill of our first North Dakota evening was a grassy field in which six male Chestnut-collared Longspurs were giving aerial flight songs. A fence kept us on the road watching at some distance with binoculars, this being private land. The longspurs popped up at different places, sometimes quite near the road. Parts of their marvelous plumage -- black bellies, white tail patches – could be easily seen, and now and then the chestnut nape. The flight song is similar to Western Meadowlark’s and sweeter. We noticed prairie dog heads in numerous burrows, and saw that they were the source of a sharp short whistle. A couple of Bobolink males announced themselves in aerial flight, but today they were outdone by the longspurs. Not to be forgotten, Red-winged Blackbirds were more numerous than any other species, just as in Indiana grasslands. Some things never change. Our last bird of the day was Upland Sandpiper; three flew beside our vans and landed in a field.
We dined at Applebee’s and filled in another column in our little blue booklets, ABA Trip List for North American Birds. We had found 68 North Dakota species in four hours of birding. The trip list rose to 110 species.
Monday June 11 – Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge
The weather forecast for Jamestown in the days before our departure had been for mild weather. Our first afternoon was pleasant, with temperatures in the 60’s, a moderate breeze, and overcast skies clearing at sundown. But television early Monday morning announced a “Wind Advisory”. It blew hard all day out of the northwest, averaging 30 mph. Even by North Dakota standards, the front made the news because of property damage in Minot the previous day.
However, it was not unsafe to drive so we birded all day in and around Arrowwood NWR in the James River valley between Jamestown and Carrington. The river is mostly dammed here, forming Jamestown Reservoir. The morning was spent in the refuge’s southern part and on gravel roads south and east of there, which led us past many cattail-lined ponds and fields of corn, wheat, soybeans, or bare ground. Periodically we got stopped by a pond that covered a road, often a good birding spot.
Our first such flooded road held 20 Western Grebes, White Pelicans, Double-crested Cormorants, Ruddy Ducks, and a Franklin’s Gull in a flock of Ring-billed Gulls. An American Bittern flushed. Three American Coots were on nests, and two broods of “cute coots” were admired by Tammy. A pair of Marbled Godwits staked claim to the road.
Rounding a bend, Jay’s lead van flushed 2 Gray Partridges which ran up a little hill and paused, giving the first van passengers a close, brief look at the male’s reddish head and other field marks. We parked, got out, and flushed them again. These would be our only individuals of this target bird, a long-established exotic like the Ring-necked Pheasant, known to hunters as Hungarian Partridge. It is the common partridge of Eurasia, the “partridge in a pear tree”.
Male Bobolinks were up to the challenge of aerial display in strong wind. Over the day we saw about 25 either perched high in grass, or singing as they flew into the wind and then were blown back. Alan spotted an adult Ferruginous Hawk which disappeared, then an immature. Two of us tromped through a shallow-water marsh, alarming phalaropes, godwits, Wilson’s Snipe, and Sora. A male Ruddy Duck with a very bright, light blue bill declined to fly and was admired at close range.
An hour or so after the first partridges, another two possible ones flushed by the road. Alan organized a search, and one flushed again, looking big with a long wedge-shaped tail. “That was not a partridge,” he smiled; it was our first Sharp-tailed Grouse. Fortunately, we found them regularly over the next three days and had excellent looks.
At noon we drove north to Carrington for lunch at the Chieftain Motel, where a “Prairies and Potholes” birding festival will be based next week. The chili tasted good on our chilliest day, as did the rhubarb pie. At 2 pm we resumed birding in the north portion of Arrowwood NWR. The wind was at its peak on unprotected plains, howling from the west, raising clouds of dust. On the Beaufort Wind Force scale it was probably a 7, or “moderate gale: whole trees in motion; effort needed to walk against wind.” But Black Terns foraged with Barn and Cliff swallows over marshes, where Northern Shovelers, Mallards, and Blue-winged Teal swam and Coots sat on nests. A giant Cliff Swallow colony nested under a small bridge and patrolled Arrowwood Lake. We found Refuge Headquarters and the new Visitor Center, with a fine view of the lake and good exhibits: video of displaying grouse and Upland Sandpiper, and pullout drawers with nests, eggs, and feathers. A knowledgeable employee named Paulette provided Alan and Jay with birding site tips.
We proceeded south down the somewhat sheltered James River valley on an auto tour loop. In a thin line of trees and shrubs along the creek we found Willow Flycatcher, American Robin, Brown Thrasher, Gray Catbird, Cedar Waxwing, Yellow Warbler, Clay-colored Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Song Sparrow, and Baltimore Oriole. Between the valley and the highway were Brewer’s Blackbirds and a flock of Franklin’s Gulls.
It was 51 degrees when we returned to Jamestown at 6 pm, and the wind was diminishing. For dinner at Grizzly’s we sat at one long table and tallied 83 species for the day, bringing the trip list to 129. Tomorrow’s plan was announced: breakfast at 5:30 am and an early departure for Chicago Lake in Kidder County.
Tues. June 12 – Kidder County: Chicago Lake, Medina, State School lands south of Tuttle
Weather was much improved this morning: 45 degrees at dawn, clear, with light wind. We drove west on the interstate, passing ponds with Black-crowned Night-Herons, Great Egrets, Double-crested Cormorants, and Ring-billed Gulls. At Medina, we exited and headed north to the east side of Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge. Exploring a “Minimum Maintenance Road”, we found a Sharp-tailed Grouse and 14 Marbled Godwits. The grouse ran around in a field with its tail feathers fanned, the elongated central pair pointed up, then flew to a hill top. Beyond this a muddy stretch blocked our passage, and we found another way to Chicago Lake. This fairly good-sized lake had cormorants, pelicans, ducks, night-herons, Ring-billed Gulls, Black and Caspian Terns. We focused more on the cattail and sedge marshes adjacent to it, from which dozens of Marsh and Sedge Wrens sang vigorously, along with some Swamp and Song Sparrows. Clay-colored Sparrows sang on the drier slopes nearby. Jay and Alan had found Le Conte’s and Nelson’s Sparrows here in 2010. We put on boots and walked the grass and sedge wetlands listening for the high insect-like buzz of Le Conte’s and the hot-poker-in-water hiss of Nelson’s. A Le Conte’s flushed, chipped, and eventually posed, but never sang. Two or three Nelson’s did sing, and were tracked down for a satisfying view. Meanwhile a Wilson’s Snipe gave its winnowing display flight above the wet meadow. Sora called, and a Virginia Rail was flushed. “Carnivorous” bladderworts (Utricularia sp.) grew in shallow water between shore and cattails, their yellow flowers raised above the water and under-water roots festooned with tiny insect- and microbe- catching, vacuum-pressure bladders.
We returned to the little town of Medina for lunch, checking grain towers by the railroad for exotic doves, which were not present. However, hundreds of House Sparrows chirped on the streets and a few Chimney Swifts circled. The town had a bakery, a bird information office, the Decoy Bar, and the Medina Café on its main street. We lunched on fry bread tacos and other items, finishing with complimentary ice cream.
In the afternoon we drove west on I-94 to Sterling (Burleigh County), then north and finally east and back into Kidder County. One of the grassland sites our leaders wanted to visit had been plowed. We ended up on State School land that was legal to walk on. We ducked through a fence and walked south into a large, undulating prairie grassland some 1 x 2 miles in size, with a herd of cattle eyeing us. Suddenly it was Longspur Land again – and many more than we had seen two evenings previously. Approximately 100 males sang and displayed over the area we walked. One nest was found, and now and then a cryptically plumaged female could be seen. At first it seemed as if there were no birds besides longspurs and Western Meadowlarks, but we flushed three Sharp-tailed Grouse, several Marbled Godwit, and quite a few Savannah and Grasshopper Sparrows. No luck, however, on two of our targets, Baird’s Sparrow and Sprague’s Pipit.
We had dinner back in Jamestown, the group split between Perkins Restaurant and pizza at the motel. Although we saw 76 species today, the trip list grew by only 5 to 134 species. Our North Dakota list moved from 93 to 100 species.
Wed. June 13 – Stutsman County, Chase Lake NWR, Pelican Island
Following yesterday’s marathon, we took off at the civilized hour of 7 am in 60 degree weather, clear with a moderate wind. West to Medina again, then north to 28th Street and west, a new road segment for us with 5 Snowy Egrets at the first pond. A side road dead-ended at a Western Grebe nesting paradise on Pearl Lake. One hundred seventy nesting pairs occupied cattails and other emergent vegetation in a sheltered arm of the lake, giving a constant shrill whistle. We scanned the nests and birds leisurely with scopes. Before long, Alan spotted a Clark’s Grebe on a nest, showing a white arc of plumage above the eye and a bill brighter and yellower than the greenish-yellow bill of Western. One by one we admired it in the scopes. A pair of Westerns raised their necks in courtship mode, but stopped short of the rush-across-the-water stage. Also present were Lesser Scaup, Ruddy Duck, Pintail, Blue-winged Teal, Pied-billed Grebe with young, and Coots.
A few miles away some hilly grassland beckoned, and our three van-groups took off on foot in different directions. Although birds weren’t numerous, it was country that made you want to keep going over the next ridge, leading Jay to set a time limit for the outward push. A Gadwall female flushed from a 9-egg nest, at least a mile from water. Clay-colored Sparrows dominated their cousins numerically, but Savannah and Grasshopper were also present, all singing, along with Western Meadowlarks and an occasional Common Yellowthroat. Three Sharp-tailed Grouse flushed. Willets, White Pelicans, and gulls flew over, including one California Gull. Cathy Meyer put the Panorama mode on her camera to good use. This walk lasted from 9 am to 10:30.
Driving on, we found a pair of Avocets with one young and flushed another grouse. A second walk took us through a grassy prairie by a lake, full of Clay-colored and Savannah Sparrows.
We returned to the Medina Café for lunch, and shopped for souvenirs; slim pickings. Peonies in town yards were just beginning to bloom, six weeks or more after the peak in Indiana.
The afternoon featured a driving safari to a hilltop view of the Chase Lake White Pelican nesting island. Alan was in the lead on a Minimum Maintenance Road, and radioed back that a grassy turnoff, though “kind of an adventure”, led to a good viewpoint. Jay’s number 2 van took a side road that looked adventurous, and came to a stop halfway up a steep grassy pitch. While he reversed course skillfully, some passengers hiked up the hill. Jay and the other van found Alan’s actual, less formidable route which indeed led to a stunning view point. Meanwhile, two of the walkers picked up an amazing number of wood ticks on a climb of 100 yards through tall grass while another person was ignored. The ticks advanced in squadrons up and under blue jeans. Before enjoying the view, most articles of clothing had to be removed and inspected inside and out, and no less than 300 ticks were removed by yours truly.
However, the numbers of white and black birds on the distant island were even more impressive. At least 2000 pelicans were scattered over it, many on nests presumably, though we could not see those well. Hundreds more pelicans soared above the island. Double-crested Cormorants kept their pelicaniform cousins company on the island, and flew steadily uphill against the wind and over us in groups of 10 to 20. Many gulls were also on the island, and some Black-crowned Night-Herons. Twenty Cattle Egrets accompanied livestock on the slopes, and two pairs of Upland Sandpipers defended territories. We took group photos at this scenic spot. Chase Lake Refuge was established by Theodore Roosevelt in 1908 to protect the pelican colony from unrestricted hunting. The total number nesting on the refuge is 34,000 in some years, the species’ largest breeding aggregation.
Leaving the overlook at 5 pm, we weren’t done yet. Somewhere north of Medina, we took our third walk of the day from 6 to 7:30 pm over more hilly, grazed, mixed grassland dotted with ponds. We flushed four separate grouse here while snipe winnowed overhead. The sparrows all proved to be Clay-colored or Savannahs. Western Meadowlarks sang and prairie dogs whistled. A small lake held our first Canvasbacks – a male, female, and brood of 8 young.
Returning to Jamestown, most of us had Mexican food at Paradiso Restaurant, sitting at one long table, while Alan and Tammy called Enterprise about a shimmying problem with their van, and cleaned its underside of mud at a carwash. The trip list inched up to 137 with 3 new species (Snowy Egret, Clark’s Grebe, Canvasback), the Dakota list gained 4 to reach 104 species, and the day’s tally was 77 species. In other news, Matt Cain pitched a perfect game for the San Francisco Giants, the 22nd in major league history, defeating the Houston Astros.
Thurs. June 14 – Jamestown to Eau Claire, Wisconsin
It rained overnight. In the morning, Alan and Tammy took the shimmying van to the Dodge dealership, where additional caked mud was removed, fixing the problem. They picked up their group and returned to 28th Street for morning birding, while the other 2 vans went a few miles further afield to the Edward Brigham Alkali Lake Sanctuary, a National Audubon Society project. Each group added species to the trip list, bringing the final totals to 144 species for the trip and 115 for North Dakota. Alkali Lake yielded Say’s Phoebe, Great Horned Owl, Downy and Hairy Woodpecker, while 28th Street produced Cooper’s Hawk, Spotted Sandpiper, and Blue Grosbeak.
The name “Alkali Lake” suggests a salt-incrusted playa, but instead it was a normal-looking brown-water lake with many dead snags in the water, bordered by a wooded strip of box elders and ash and shrubs. A mowed trail through grassland led to the south end of the lake, and an un-mowed trail led around the lake’s western border. The most abundant singing birds were Clay-colored Sparrow, Yellow Warbler, and House Wren, with 20 to 50 of each, and there were plenty of Brown-headed Cowbirds to parasitize them. Purple Martins, nesting in houses by the caretaker’s dwelling on the hilltop, foraged overhead with Tree Swallows. Five Least Flycatchers gave che-bek calls from the wooded fringe. Gray Catbird, Orchard Oriole, Vesper and Song Sparrow, and Cedar Waxwings were also present. The lake did not have many water birds, but three Forster’s Terns and five Green-winged Teal were spotted. Two Great Horned Owls were disturbed by crows and us, and one flapped slowly over the lake. Say’s Phoebe called from a barn, and the Downy and Hairy Woodpeckers visited suet by the caretaker’s house. The caretaker was a friendly farmer who drives a snowplow in winter and used to take off from the gravel roads in his small plane, chasing coyotes up the draw. Ring-necked Pheasants crowed in the distance.
Driving back to Jamestown through farm fields, we stopped to inspect a large Tiger Salamander attempting to cross the gravel road between two ponds. Someone read in Chase Lake information that these animals, not fish, are the most important food for nesting pelicans in the region. When I mentioned it to my herpetologist friend Brian Foster back in Indiana, he emailed: “Tiger salamanders in the Dakotas may be the enormous Gray tiger salamanders (Ambystoma mavortium diaboli). Would be really neat to see one in the wild.” Apparently we did.
We checked out of the motel by noon, packed, ate at Burger King, and headed east for Eau Claire, Wisconsin. We left North Dakota at Fargo about 2:30 pm (no time for the Roger Maris Museum), traversed Minnesota, tried for an upscale eatery in a crowded mall north of Minneapolis, settled for a Perkins restaurant that treated us well, and made it to the Super 8 at 10 pm. A rainstorm arrived from the south and rattled windows for much of the night.
Friday June 15 – Eau Claire to Indianapolis
Only interstate birding today (highlighted by Wild Turkeys and Sandhill Cranes), with crossword puzzles, Sand County Almanac, and conversation to pass the time. To make it to the rental place by 6 pm and compensate for a time zone change, we left at 6 am and made it to Enterprise with half an hour to spare. Total trip mileage was 2,600 miles.
In Jay’s van, we had each been pondering what was our favorite trip bird and birding moment, and why. Jay had asked us to do this the day before, a tradition he picked up on birding trips with Karl Werner. In Illinois we shared our selections.
Favorite Birding Moment
Clay-colored Sparrow … because we saw so many while looking for Baird’s, had killer views, really got to know the bird
The morning at Chicago Lake, with all the Marsh and Sedge wrens (for starters)
Gray Partridge … because it was a lifer I am not likely to see again
Being in the field with so many Chestnut-collared Longspurs flying around us … (same for Peter)
Sharp-tailed Grouse … the second encounter, which gave me the view you want for a lifer
Ruddy Duck, the male with the really bright blue bill
Anytime you can see white pelicans flying over in formation …
The prairie trek way off into the hills, with nothing man-made in sight
Felt good the whole time; the last grassland walk on the last full day, with Upland Sandpipers calling
The trip list of bird species
(144 total, 115 in North Dakota)
The number after the species name is the total individuals seen or heard on the trip. Species in normal font were found in North Dakota (at least some of the total). Italicized species were detected only in Wisconsin or Minnesota. North Dakota specialties are in bold. Birds are in Checklist order from left to right in a row. Day-by-day totals are available in an Excel spreadsheet from Peter.
Snow Goose – 2 Canada Goose – 245 Trumpeter Swan – 6
Wood Duck – 2 Gadwall - 101 American Wigeon - 16
Mallard - 363 Blue-winged Teal - 555 Northern Shoveler - 118
Northern Pintail - 67 Green-winged Teal - 21 Canvasback - 10
Redhead - 183 Ring-necked Duck - 25 Lesser Scaup - 152
Hooded Merganser - 11 Ruddy Duck – 159 Gray Partridge - 2
Ring-necked Pheasant - 11 Sharp-tailed Grouse – 17 Wild Turkey - 5
Pied-billed Grebe - 16 Red-necked Grebe - 2 Eared Grebe - 9
Western Grebe - 456 Clark’s Grebe 1 American White Pelican - 5267
Double-cr. Cormorant – 451 American Bittern - 1 Great Blue Heron - 13
Great Egret – 57 Snowy Egret - 6 Cattle Egret - 56
Green Heron – 1 Black-cr. Night-Heron – 71 Turkey Vulture – 4
Osprey - 3 Bald Eagle – 2 Northern Harrier - 17
Cooper’s Hawk – 1 Red-shouldered Hawk – 1 Swainson’s Hawk - 15
Red-tailed Hawk - 17 Ferruginous Hawk – 8 American Kestrel - 2
Virginia Rail - 3 Sora - 11 American Coot - 109
Sandhill Crane - 4 Whooping Crane – 3 Killdeer - 121
American Avocet - 17 Lesser Yellowlegs – 1 Willet - 21
Spotted Sandpiper - 1 Upland Sandpiper – 21 Marbled Godwit -48
Sandpiper, unid (Calidris sp.), 2 Wilson’s Snipe - 22 Wilson’s Phalarope - 29
Franklin’s Gull - 12 Ring-billed Gull - 1235 California Gull - 14
Caspian Tern - 1 Forster’s Tern - 11 Black Tern - 71
Rock Pigeon - 25 Mourning Dove - 65 Great Horned Owl - 2
Chimney Swift - 10 Ruby-thr. Hummingbird - 1 Belted Kingfisher - 1
Red-headed Woodpecker - 8 Red-bellied Woodpecker – 1 Downy Woodpecker – 1
Hairy Woodpecker -1 Northern (Yell.-s.) Flicker – 6 Pileated Woodpecker – 1
Eastern Wood-Pewee – 2 Say’s Phoebe – 2 Great Crested Flycatcher – 1
Western Kingbird – 38 Eastern Kingbird – 132 Yellow-throated Vireo – 4
Warbling Vireo – 6 Red-eyed Vireo - 2 Blue Jay – 2
American Crow – 19 Horned Lark – 23 Purple Martin – 45
Tree Swallow – 48 N. Rough-winged Swallow – 1 Bank Swallow – 83
Cliff Swallow – 838 Barn Swallow – 56 Black-capped Chickadee – 4
White-breasted Nuthatch – 1 House Wren – 25 Sedge Wren – 21
Marsh Wren – 54 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher – 1 Eastern Bluebird – 11
Veery – 2 American Robin – 38 Gray Catbird – 6
Brown Thrasher – 8 European Starling – 74 Cedar Waxwing – 17
Yellow Warbler – 79 American Redstart - 1 Ovenbird – 1
Common Yellowthroat – 48 Eastern Towhee – 7 Chipping Sparrow - 13
Clay-colored Sparrow – 132 Field Sparrow – 3 Vesper Sparrow – 17
Savannah Sparrow – 85 Grasshopper Sparrow – 43 Le Conte’s Sparrow – 3
Nelson’s Sparrow – 5 Song Sparrow – 21 Swamp Sparrow – 7
Chestnut-coll. Longspur – 115 Northern Cardinal – 1 Rose-br. Grosbeak - 1
Blue Grosbeak – 1 Indigo Bunting – 3 Dickcissel – 12
Bobolink – 94 Red-winged Blackbird – 1430 Western Meadowlark – 102
Yellow-head. Blackbird – 229 Brewer’s Blackbird – 140 Common Grackle – 248
Brown-headed Cowbird – 87 Orchard Oriole – 12 Baltimore Oriole – 3
House Finch – 7 American Goldfinch – 37 House Sparrow – 124